Why did the Romans take over Jerusalem?
In April 70 ce, about the time of Passover, the Roman general Titus besieged Jerusalem. Since that action coincided with Passover, the Romans allowed pilgrims to enter the city but refused to let them leave—thus strategically depleting food and water supplies within Jerusalem.
Who destroyed Jerusalem according to Lamentations?
Lamentations 1–2 Jeremiah laments the desolate state of Jerusalem following its destruction by the Babylonians. He acknowledges that Jerusalem was destroyed because the people rebelled against the commandments of the Lord.
What did the Romans do to the Jews in Jerusalem?
The revolt was put down by the future Roman emperors Vespasian and Titus. In the Siege of Jerusalem in 70 AD, the Romans destroyed much of the Temple in Jerusalem and, according to some accounts, plundered artifacts from the Temple, such as the Menorah.
How did the Land of Israel come under Roman rule?
Antigonus was captured by the Romans and was beheaded at the wish of Herod. Thus Hasmonean rule over an independent nation in the land of Israel was finally brought to an end. Reprinted with permission from From Text to Tradition: A History of Second Temple and Rabbinic Judaism (Ktav).
Why was the Roman Empire important in the Old Testament?
Answer: The Roman Empire was the human political entity that God used to prepare the world for the birth of the Messiah and for the spread of the gospel. At the end of the Old Testament, Israel had returned from exile, Jerusalem had been rebuilt, and the temple had been reconstructed and was functioning again.
Why did the Romans name the region Palestine?
For some reason, the name Palestine stuck; perhaps because it was applied to this region for so long. In fact, before the Romans renamed Judea as Syria-Palestina, the name Palestine was in common usage by the Greeks to refer to the entirety of Israel and the Jews who populated it.