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Who controlled the spice trade in Asia?

Who controlled the spice trade in Asia?

In subsequent struggles to gain control of the trade, Portugal was eventually eclipsed, after more than a century as the dominant power. By the 19th century, British interests were firmly rooted in India and Ceylon, while the Dutch were in control of the greater part of the East Indies.

Who controlled the spice trade in Southeast Asia starting in the 1600s and 1700s?

A central force in these interactions is the Dutch East India Company, which seizes control of the lucrative spice trade from earlier Portuguese and English traders and holds a virtual monopoly on European trade in the Indonesian archipelago throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

Which nation dominated the early trade to the Spice Islands?

The Portuguese began buying spices directly from the Spice Islands as early as the 1520s. Dutch and English ships did not reach the islands for another 80 years. Because the Portuguese had continued to control the trade and demand high prices, the profits on the first English and Dutch voyages were still enormous.

Who took control of the spice trade in Southeast Asia from the Portuguese?

The Portuguese visited the Moluccas first in 1511, and the Dutch took control of them in the early 1600s. To Europeans, they were known as the Spice Islands. Three other areas were important in the east-west trading networks: Indochina, the Malay Peninsula, and the Philippines.

How long did the spice trade last?

Wars over the Indonesian Spice Islands broke out between expanding European nations and continued for about 200 years, between the 15th and 17th centuries.

Where did the spice trade take place in Europe?

What was once tightly controlled by the Arabs for centuries was now available throughout Europe with the establishment of the Ocean Spice Trade route connecting Europe directly to South Asia (India) and South East Asia.

Why did the Venetians import spices from Asia?

The Venetians also had trading privileges in the Byzantine Empire and therefore had access to the trade routes to Asia which included the Red Sea, an important passage to Asia. Spices such as cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, pepper and ginger were imported from Asia by the Venetian merchants who distributed them in Europe.

Why was the spice trade important in ancient India?

As evident from the literature, spices were an important ingredient in cooking, preserving food as well as medicinal purposes in the ancient regions of India, China, Egypt, Mesopotamia and Persia.

Why was Melaka important to the spice trade?

Up until the Europeans arrived, the Muslims dominated the spice trade in Southeast Asia. – In the 15th century, under the Muslims, the city of Melaka became an important center for the spice trade. Melaka was near a strait that allowed access to the spice islands, which are also called Moluccas.