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Where were castles built in the 11th century?

Where were castles built in the 11th century?

The Norman Castles The next castles to be built in England were constructed in the middle of the 11th century by Edward the Confessor and followed the pattern being developed by the Normans who has conquered France. A mound, or motte, was raised up to one hundred feet in height.

What date did they start replacing Motte and Bailey castles with shell keep castles?

Between the Conquest and the mid-13th century, usually during the 12th century a number of motte and bailey castles and ringworks were remodelled in stone. In the case of mottes, the timber palisade was replaced by a thick wall to form a `shell keep’.

Why did they build a shell keep castle?

Early engineers wanted to eliminate some of the dangers associated with wood, so they began to create stone walls instead. For the most part, a Shell Keep castle also kept the older elements, like being built on a motte, while adding the stone elements around them.

What kind of castles were built in the 12th century?

It was typical for stone keep castles to take around 10 years to build. Another kind of stone keep castle that developed in the 12th century was the shell keep castle or donjon annulaire as they were known in French. Generally, these shell keeps were the castles that made use of existing motte-and-bailey fortifications.

When was the shell keep at Windsor Castle built?

Examples include the Round Tower at Windsor Castle and the majority were built in the 11th and 12th centuries. The shell keep of Windsor Castle was built by Henry II and remodelled in the 19th century.

When did Carisbrooke Castle become a shell keep?

The original Norman wooden keep on top of the motte was replaced by a stone shell keep during the 12th century by Robert the Consul. Carisbrooke Castle was originally a Roman fort and is located at the centre of the Isle of Wight.