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When did plant domestication begin in North America?

When did plant domestication begin in North America?

The initial domestication of crop plants takes place at the beginning of the Holocene, ≈8,000–10,000 years ago, in Southwest Asia, China, Mexico (19, 20), and South America. In a few areas, the first species to be changed appear much later, however, <5,000 years ago.

Who were first farmers?

Agriculture began in the Fertile Crescent more than 11,000 years ago. DNA samples from ancient farmers reveal their relationship to present day humans. The first farmers made an enormous genetic contribution to diverse European, Asian, and African populations.

The plants are closely related to plant species of the temperate deciduous forests in Europe and Asia. In contrast, the plants of other biomes in North America are generally not closely related to the plants that occur in the same biomes elsewhere in the world, although they look similar.

How did the Europeans exchange plants and animals?

The Exchange of Plant and Animal Species Between the New World and Old World. Overview. When Europeans reached North America’s shorelines in the late 1400s and began to explore the continent’s interior in the 1500s, they saw the vast land as a source of new plants, animals, and minerals for them to use and to transport back to Europe.

What did the Europeans bring to North America?

Europeans introduced such domestic animals as cattle, pigs, chickens, goats, and sheep to North America, with the intent of using the animal meat for food, and hides or wool for clothing. They also inadvertently brought pest animals and plants, such as rats and assorted weeds.

How did plants spread from Europe to the New World?

In the late 1500s, European explorers discovered potatoes in South America and transported them to Spain, where the plants spread throughout Europe. Within about 50 years, Europeans transported the spuds back across the ocean to North America. Other plants moved from Europe to the New World.