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What was the purpose of the sarcophagus?

What was the purpose of the sarcophagus?

The main purpose of these containers was the protection of the corpse from scavenging animals and tomb robbers. They also served an important religious role through their shape and decoration, which changed and developed over the whole of ancient Egyptian history.

Why were things placed in the tomb with the coffin?

Pharaohs were mummified with amulets and jewels inside the linen wrappings and then buried in lots of coffins inside coffins to protect the body. The heart was left inside the body, because Egyptians believed it would be weighed in the afterlife to see if you had led a good life.

What is a sarcophagus chamber?

A sarcophagus (plural sarcophagi or sarcophaguses) is a box-like funeral receptacle for a corpse, most commonly carved in stone, and usually displayed above ground, though it may also be buried.

Why was the sarcophagus important to the ancient Egyptians?

The sarcophagus was an important part of an elaborate burial process. Ancient Egyptians believed that they would live on in an afterlife. They prepared a dead person for this afterlife by embalming the body and wrapping it in linens, a process known as mummification.

Is there a sarcophagus in the Great Pyramid of Khufu?

A granite sarcophagus lies in the chamber, but it is not known if there ever was a corpse put to rest there; a mummy or grave goods haven’t been found inside the pyramid. The King’s Chamber (crypt) of Khufu’s pyramid with its five relieving chambers built with huge granite stone blocks.

What was in the bottom of the sarcophagus?

When the coffins were removed, Carter reported that the double case was found lying in the bottom of the sarcophagus. This container still held remnants of the embalming unguents. These perfumed oils, poured over the body during the burial, had hardened with age and now glued the two inner coffins and the mummy together.

What was in the sarcophagus of King Tutankhamun?

The sarcophagus of King Tutankhamun in its burial chamber after the mummy was placed in a glass urn designed to protect the remains from humidity and other contamination. Photograph: Cris Bouroncle/AFP/Getty Images A dagger entombed with King Tutankhamun was made with iron from a meteorite, a new analysis on the metal composition shows.