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What kind of legal system does Iraq have?

Iraq’s civilian court system is composed of a high court, civil courts, and criminal courts and the criminal prosecutorial system. Judges are appointed by the Justice Council, which is chaired by the Minister of Justice. The civil court system has the following components: Court of Cassation (Mahkamat al-Tamyeez).

Is Iraq civil law or common law?

To be sure, Iraq’s legal system cannot be said to be only a civil law system, as it is a mixture of many different legal traditions and customs. Other legal systems, such as shari’a law and the common law tradition, have also influenced the Iraqi legal order, most notably in terms of its constitution.

How are laws enforced in Iraq?

Iraqi Police Service At this time the International Police was deployed to Iraq. In the process, they recruit and train a local police force, which eventually takes on the responsibilities of enforcing the law and maintaining order, whereas the International Police then take on a supporting role.

What is our law system called?

There are generally considered to be five legal systems in the world today: civil law, common law, customary law, religious law, and mixed legal systems. Civil law systems have their origin in the Roman legal tradition.

Does Iraq have an army?

The Iraqi Armed Forces (Arabic: القوات المسلحة العراقية‎) are the military forces of The Republic of Iraq. Iraq armed forces consist of the Army, the Air Force, and the Navy. The armed forces of Iraq have a long and very active history. They were initially formed in the early 1920s.

What are the two main branches of common law?

In modern legal systems there are two primary branches of law. These are criminal law and civil law.

What is the punishment for stealing in Iraq?

An individual found guilty of armed robbery or committing theft as a member of the military or as a state employee may be executed. Persons convicted of smuggling antiquities or organizing prostitution may also be sentenced to death. Any person who deserts military service three times may be executed.

The Republic of Iraq’s legal system is in a period of transition in light of the 2003 invasion that led to the fall of the Baath Party. Iraq does have a written constitution, as well as a civil, criminal and personal status law.

Is the rule of law in Iraq fluid?

We believe the Rule of Law is essentially a fluid concept based on a history of legislative development and evolving social values which cannot be imposed by any institution, segment of Iraqi society or foreign influence outside of Iraq. It would be naïve for commentators to compare the Rule of law in Iraq to other countries given that:

What are the laws of personal status in Iraq?

Laws of personal status. The 1959 Iraq Law of Personal Status (as subsequently amended) governs the manner that religious courts may settle disputes among Muslims living in Iraq in the area of marriage, divorce, custody of children, inheritance, endowments and other similar religious matters. These rulings are binding, unless they conflict …

Are there any restrictions on freedom of religion in Iraq?

All such personal liberties contain two main exemption clauses: the Iraqi Council of Representatives has the power to define what these freedoms mean, and, that no freedom may conflict with Islamic morality. Islam is the official state religion, and no law may be enacted or enforced that violates the “undisputed” teachings of Islam.