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What is seismic zone 2B?

What is seismic zone 2B?

The Zone 2B has Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA) in the range of 0.16g to 0.24g. 27. for a return period of 475 years. The present study aims to calculate the seismic hazard of Peshawar and.

What seismic zone is Kashmir falls in?

Zone 4
The IS code assigns a zone factor of 0.24 for Zone 4. Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, parts of the Indo-Gangetic plains (North Punjab, Chandigarh, Western Uttar Pradesh, Terai, North Bengal, the Sundarbans) and the capital of the country Delhi fall in Zone 4.

Is Pakistan earthquake prone?

Pakistan is prone to earthquakes. Seismically, Pakistan is one of the most active areas of Asia. It has high density of active faults and is located at the intersection of three plate boundaries, namely Indian, Eurasian and Arabian.

What is seismic zone factor?

Zone factors are given on the basis of expected intensity of the earthquake in different zones. In IS Code, it is given based on the Maximum Considered Earthquake (MCE) and service life of the structure in a zone.

Is Ladakh earthquake prone?

Himalayan region is highly prone to earthquakes.

What is the main cause of tsunami?

Most tsunamis are caused by earthquakes on converging tectonic plate boundaries. However, tsunamis can also be caused by landslides, volcanic activity, certain types of weather, and—possibly—near-earth objects (e.g., asteroids, comets) colliding with or exploding above the ocean.

Which is the earthquake hazard zone in Pakistan?

Annotation: IKSZ – Indus- Kohistan Seismic Zone. 46 Fig. 5.1 Seismic Zones of Pakistan for Hazard Analysis. 47 Fig. 5.2 Seismicity of the region (map with the 19 zones overlaid in Google Earth). 54 Fig. 5.3 Conversion of (a) surface-wave magnitude (Ms) and (b) body-wave magnitude (mb) into moment magnitude (Mw) based on the Harvard catalogue.

Which is the most seismically active region of Pakistan?

Pakistan is located in the Indus-Tsangpo Suture Zone, which is roughly 200 km north of the Himalaya Front and is defined by an exposed ophiolite chain along its southern margin. This region has the highest rates of seismicity and largest earthquakes in the Himalaya region, caused mainly by movement on thrust faults.

When was the seismic zoning map of Pakistan created?

Seismic zoning map of Pakistan have been developed by Pakistan Meteorological Department in 1998 by earthquake data collected from United States of Geological Survey (USGS), International Seismological Centre (ISC) and PMD for the period from 1905 to 1998.

How many fault lines are there in Pakistan?

Figure 3 shows the Tectonic sketch map and the faults of Pakistan. For the study of earthquake hazard in Pakistan, the country was divided into nineteen zones (Figure 5) including some portions of the neighbouring countries of Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Iran and India.