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What happens to the water vapor in the air as it rises?

What happens to the water vapor in the air as it rises?

Evaporation creates water vapor, a gas that rises into the air. If water loses enough heat energy (gets colder), it will freeze and turn into ice, the solid form of water. When water vapor in the atmosphere cools down, it will condense and change back into liquid water, forming clouds.

What happens to the temperature of water vapor as it rises in the atmosphere?

Changing cloud patterns modify the Earth’s energy balance, and, in turn, temperatures on the Earth’s surface. As we said, clouds form in the atmosphere because air containing water vapor rises and cools. Therefore, the air at higher altitudes is less dense.

What is the relationship between air and water vapor?

Relative Humidity. The amount of water vapor in the air is called absolute humidity. The amount of water vapor in the air as compared with the amount of water that the air could hold is called relative humidity. This amount of space in air that can hold water changes depending on the temperature and pressure.

What happens when water vapor rises in the air?

Answer. The process of water turning to vapor and goes in the air is called evaporation. When the water vapor is in the air, it will probably turn into clouds.

What happens when warm air rises and cools?

As the moist, hot air rises and cools, water vapor condenses and forms clouds. As it begins to rain, latent heat energy is released from warm air near the surface of the Earth as cold downdrafts accompany the rain as it falls. Larger supercells occasionally give birth to tornadoes, especially during warmer parts of the year.

What happens to water vapor as it rises over the mountain?

As the mountains are in the way, the water vapor will rise upwards. The higher the water vapor goes, the colder it gets. Soon, it will condense into clouds and precipitation will fall.

Physical Properties of Air Hot air expands, and rises; cooled air contracts – gets denser – and sinks; and the ability of the air to hold water depends on its temperature. A given volume of air at 20°C (68°F) can hold twice the amount of water vapor than at 10°C (50°F).