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What effects did the discovery of diamonds and gold have on South Africa?

What effects did the discovery of diamonds and gold have on South Africa?

The discovery of diamonds in 1869 and of gold in 1886 changed the South African economy significantly. European investment flowed in; by the end of the nineteenth century, it was equivalent to all European investment in the rest of Africa.

How does gold affect the South African economy?

South Africa’s formal gold sector still churns out about $4 billion in revenue every year. Along with platinum, coal and iron ore, it’s an important part of the economy. Gold output nationwide has fallen by about 85 percent since 1980, according to government statistics.

What are the economic impacts of gold mining?

Gold mining companies are a major source of income and economic growth, with an important role in supporting sustainable socio-economic development. During 2013, gold mining companies contributed over US$171.6bn to the global economy through their production activities and expenditure on goods and services.

How did the discovery of diamond affect South Africa?

The impact of these discoveries had far much reaching economic, social as well as political development. It transformed the course of South African history and contributed to the scramble for African territories by Europeans and also resulted into racial segregation (Apartheid). The discovery of diamond brought a lot of controversy and wrangles.

What is the direct economic impact of gold?

It addresses, for the first time, the direct economic impact of gold on the global economy, and does so in a way which is objective in stance and rigorous in its treatment of complex data. The report is unique in looking at an entire value chain, including gold mining, refining, and fabrication and consumption.

When was gold first discovered in South Africa?

(John: 1991). Ø In 1886 gold was discovered at Witwatersrand in Transvaal (Mlahagwa: 1989). § Non-metallic minerals (coal, asbestos, limestone, phosphates) (John: 1991). Ø With further discoveries, South Africa dramatically changed socially, economically and politically.

How did the Gold Rush affect South Africa?

White immigrant skilled miners were paid relatively high wages, in contrast, African migrants were unskilled and low-paid, earning about one-ninth the wage of white miners. Gold rush in South Africa attracted other European powers’ attentions; therefore Britain found it necessary to define territorial boundaries clearly.