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What did the Adena Hopewell and Mississippian have in common?

What did the Adena Hopewell and Mississippian have in common?

Arrived in the Ohio Valley region around 300 BC, and began building mounds as well. Had extensive trade routes to Wyoming, the Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Great Lakes. The Adena and the Hopewell are both referred to this term because of their similar architectural practices and similarities in cultures.

What were the Adena and Hopewell people known for?

The Adena culture is known for food cultivation, pottery, and commercial networks that covered a vast area from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico. Over a period of 500 years, the Adena culture transformed into what we call the Hopewell tradition.

What were the ancient North American cultures of the Adena Hopewell and Mississippian called?

The “Mound builder” cultures span the period of roughly 3500 BCE to 1600 CE, including the Archaic period, Woodland period (Calusa culture, Adena and Hopewell cultures), and Mississippian period.

How were the Hopewell different from the Adena?

Adena Culture mounds were primarily conical-shaped mounds used exclusively for burial purposes. The Hopewell Culture also had burial mounds, but more often these burial mounds were located either inside or nearby massive scaled earthworks such as those that can be seen in Newark and Chillicothe.

What was the purpose of the Mississippian mounds quizlet?

These mounds were used for a variety of purposes: as platforms for buildings, as stages for religious and social activities, and as cemeteries. Some of the most impressive achievements of Mississippian people are the finely crafted objects made of stone, marine shell, pottery, and native copper.

What caused the decline of the mound builders?

Another possibility is that the Mound Builders died from a highly infectious disease. Although it appears that for the most part, the Mound Builders had left Ohio before Columbus arrived in the Caribbean, there were still a few Native Americans using burial practices similar to what the Mound Builders used.

What happened to Adena people?

Lasting traces of Adena culture are still seen in the remains of their substantial earthworks. At one point, larger Adena mounds numbered in the hundreds, but only a small number of the remains of the larger Adena earthen monuments still survive today.

What were the purposes of mounds to the Mississippian elites?

These mounds were used for a variety of purposes: as platforms for buildings, as stages for religious and social activities, and as cemeteries. Mississippian towns containing one or more mounds served as the capitals of chiefdoms.

What were Mississippian homes built with?

A typical Mississippian house was rectangular, about 12 feet long and 10 feet wide. The walls of a house were built by placing wooden poles upright in a trench in the ground. The poles were then covered with a woven cane matting. The cane matting was then covered with plaster made from mud.

Why did ancient people build mounds?

The Middle Woodland period (100 B.C. to 200 A.D.) was the first era of widespread mound construction in Mississippi. Middle Woodland peoples were primarily hunters and gatherers who occupied semipermanent or permanent settlements. Some mounds of this period were built to bury important members of local tribal groups.

Where did the Adena and Hopewell cultures live?

Other communities of the culture existed along the lower Mississippi River. The Adena culture inhabited present-day West Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana. The Hopewell culture probably began in the Illinois Valley and spread into Ohio and then across the Midwest region.

Where did the Mississippians live in the south?

The vast Mississippian culture’s territory extended from the mouth of the Illinois River in the north to the mouth of the White River in Arkansas in the south, and eastward along the Ohio and Tennessee Rivers to what is now North Carolina.

Where was the Hopewell culture located in Alabama?

The Miller culture was a Hopewellian culture located in the upper Tombigbee River drainage areas of southwestern Tennessee, northeastern Mississippi, and west-central Alabama, best known from excavations at the Pinson Mounds, Bynum Mounds, Miller (type site), and Pharr Mounds sites.

What kind of pipes did the Hopewell Indians use?

The Hopewell artisans were expert carvers of pipestone, and many of the mortuary mounds are full of exquisitely carved statues and pipes. The Mound of Pipes at Mound City produced over 200 stone smoking pipes depicting animals and birds in well-realized three-dimensional form, and the Tremper Site in Scioto County produced over 130.