What animals and plants live in Chad?
The tall grasses and the extensive marshes of the savanna zone have an abundant wildlife. There large mammals—such as elephants, hippopotamuses, rhinoceroses, warthogs, giraffes, antelopes, lions, leopards, and cheetahs—coexist with a wide assortment of birds and reptiles.
What type of plants live in Chad?
Vegetation found in the area includes acacias, baobab, desert date, palms, African myrrh, and Indian jujube. Found within the lake itself are aquatic plants such as reeds, Papyrus, ambatch, and water lilies.
How many Kordofan giraffes are left?
For example, the Kordofan giraffe has lost 90 percent of its population since the late 1980s and is down to just 2,000 individuals in the wild.
What are the flora and fauna of Chad?
The wildlife of Chad is composed of its flora and fauna. Animal and plant life correspond to the three climatic zones. In the Saharan region, the only flora is the date-palm groves of the oasis. Palms and acacia trees grow in the Sahelian region.
What was life like in Chad 7000 years ago?
Chad is one of several potential sites for the cradle of humankind in Africa following the discovery of the seven-million-year-old human-like skull, now known as the Toumaï (‘Hope of life’) skull. 7000 years ago the region was not as arid as it is today; cave paintings depict elephants, rhinoceroses, giraffes, cattle, and camels.
Who are the indigenous people of Lake Chad?
The indigenous Sao people who lived along the Chari river during the first millennia CE were absorbed by the Kamen-Bornu and Baguirmi kingdoms (which stretched from Lake Chad deep into the Sahara) and the region became a crossroads for the trans-Saharan trade routes.
How many species of elephants are there in Chad?
Elephant poaching, particularly in the south of the country in areas such as Zakouma National Park, is a severe problem. As of 2011, there were 2,288 species in the country in the country, 55 of which are endemic. Precipitation varies widely from south to north of the country. The country is also subject to hot, dry, dusty conditions.