- Was Indonesia a Dutch colony?
- What did the Dutch do in Indonesia?
- How was Indonesia colonized by the Dutch?
- Why are Holland called Dutch?
- What did the Dutch East India Company do in Indonesia?
- Who was the Dutch general during the British occupation?
- What did the Japanese do to the Dutch in Indonesia?
- Who are the Afrikaners and where did they come from?
Was Indonesia a Dutch colony?
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Dutch: Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Indonesian: Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia. It was formed from the nationalised colonies of the Dutch East India Company, which came under the administration of the Dutch government in 1800.
What did the Dutch do in Indonesia?
Slave trading was widely carried out during the Dutch colonial period in Indonesia. Especially in North Sumatra, human trading for plantation workers, known as coolies, was widely practiced around 150 years ago.
How was Indonesia colonized by the Dutch?
The colonial period of Indonesia did not immediately start when the Dutch first arrived in the archipelago at the end of the 16th century. In 1796 the VOC went bankrupt and was nationalized by the Dutch state. As a consequence its possessions in the archipelago passed into the hands of the Dutch crown in 1800.
Why are Holland called Dutch?
Over time, English-speaking people used the word Dutch to describe people from both the Netherlands and Germany, and now just the Netherlands today. The word Holland literally meant “wood-land” in Old English and originally referred to people from the northern region of the Netherlands.
What did the Dutch East India Company do in Indonesia?
During the course of the 18th century the Dutch United East India Company ( Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, abbreviated VOC) had established itself as the dominating economic and political power on Java after the crumbling and collapse of the Mataram empire.
Who was the Dutch general during the British occupation?
Firstly, Herman Willem Daendels, Governor-General from 1808 to 1811 during the French occupation of Holland and, secondly, British Lieutenant Sir Stamford Raffles, Governor-General from 1811 to 1816 during the British occupation of Java.
What did the Japanese do to the Dutch in Indonesia?
When the Japanese took over, Dutch officials were thrown in internment camps and were replaced by Indonesians to administer government tasks. The Japanese educated, trained and armed many young Indonesians and gave their nationalist leaders a political voice. This enabled the nationalists to prepare for a future independent Indonesian nation.
Who are the Afrikaners and where did they come from?
The Afrikaners are a South African ethnic group who are descended from 17th century Dutch, German, and French settlers to South Africa.