Press "Enter" to skip to content

How do scientists predict when a hurricane is coming?

How do scientists predict when a hurricane is coming?

Q: How do you know when a hurricane is coming? A: Meteorologists track hurricanes using satellites. We take measurements around the storm that tell us what the winds are. So the hurricane warning goes out for a rather large portion of the coast in case the storm suddenly veers to the right or left.

Which technology is used to predict approaching storms?

These technological advances enable our meteorologists to make better predictions faster than ever before. Doppler Radar is the meteorologist’s window into observing severe storms.

How is technology being used to monitor hurricanes?

The technology for monitoring hurricanes may sound old-fashioned — weather satellites and specially equipped planes. But NASA has added unmanned aircraft, or drones, to the country’s arsenal of hurricane-hunting aircraft, and a planned weather satellite will soon peer through clouds to scan rainfall inside a hurricane, providing 3D views.

How are wind speeds used to predict hurricanes?

Forecasters use the data to categorize hurricanes on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale, a 1 to 5 rating of sustained wind speed. The scale estimates potential property damage, from 1 (“Very dangerous winds will produce some damage”) to 5 (“Catastrophic damage will occur”).

How are computer models used to predict storms?

The data gathered by the hurricane hunter goes into computer models run on computers like those used by the SPC meteorologists. “We use a number of computer models. No single one is perfect,” Feltgen told LiveScience. Forecasters integrate the model data with satellite data, aircraft data and their own experience.

How is the TRMM satellite used to track hurricanes?

The TRMM satellite, or Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission, launched in 1997. Intended to measure rainfall in the tropics, the satellite quickly proved invaluable for providing “CT scans” inside hurricanes. The radar on the TRMM satellite sees inside storms, including a newly recognized phenomenon called hot towers.