Press "Enter" to skip to content

How do mountains affect climate in Africa?

How do mountains affect climate in Africa?

What effect do mountains have on surrounding land? Mountains can affect the climate of nearby lands. In some areas, mountains block rain, so that one side of a mountain range may be rainy and the other side may be a desert. Much of airborne moisture falls as rain on the windward side of mountains.

Why does Africa lack mountain ranges?

Africa’s lack of major mountain ranges can be explained by: The intense heat of the region, which prevents mountain ranges from forming. The erosion process of African rivers wearing away the mountain formations. A lack of convergent tectonic plates that cause continental collision and/or subduction processes.

How tall are the mountains in northern Africa?

Northern Africa’s landscape is about much more than sandy deserts — the area’s highest peak is Morocco’s Toubkal mountain, rising to 13, 671 feet.

Where are the Atlas Mountains located in Africa?

Atlas Mountains. Atlas Mountains, series of mountain ranges in northwestern Africa, running generally southwest to northeast to form the geologic backbone of the countries of the Maghrib (the western region of the Arab world)— Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. They extend for more than 1,200 miles (2,000 kilometres),…

What are the Drakensberg mountains like in South Africa?

The Drakensberg Mountain in South Africa is not like any other mountain range in the world. Here one can find peaks next to completely flat tops, and rainforests next to meadows and savannas. Historically, this area was inhabited by the Bushmen (a collective name for indigenous African tribes). Little is known about the Bushmen of the Drakensberg.

Which is the second highest mountain in Africa?

The highest African mountain is Kilimanjaro, which has three peaks, named Kibo, Mawenzi and Shira, of which Kibo is the tallest. Mt Kenya is the second highest mountain in Africa which also has 3 main peaks, namely Batian, Nelion and Lenana Point.