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How did the astronauts communicate with Earth?

How did the astronauts communicate with Earth?

The Short Answer: Spacecraft send information and pictures back to Earth using the Deep Space Network (DSN), a collection of big radio antennas. Spacecraft send information and pictures back to Earth using the Deep Space Network, or DSN. The DSN is a collection of big radio antennas in different parts of the world.

How do astronauts communicate with Houston?

Messages travel through space as radio waves, just like the radio waves that you receive with a car radio. Each spacecraft has a transmitter and a receiver for radio waves as well as a way of interpreting the information received and acting on it.

How did Apollo 11 send video?

Therefore, Apollo 11’s moonwalk video was transmitted from the Apollo TV camera in a monochrome SSTV format at 10 frames per second (fps) with 320 lines of resolution, progressively scanned. This live conversion was crude, essentially using a video camera pointing at a high-quality 10-inch TV monitor.

How far can we communicate in space?

Ground station antennas range from the small very high frequency antennas that provide backup communications to the space station to a massive, 230-foot antenna that can communicate with far-off missions like the Voyager spacecraft, over 11 billion miles away.

What is a Russian astronaut called?

Those Soviet and later Russian individuals who travel into space are known as cosmonauts (from the Greek words for “universe” and “sailor”).

Can astronauts talk in space?

When astronauts are out in space, they can whistle, talk, or even yell inside their own spacesuit, but the other astronauts would not hear the noise. That’s why the astronauts use radios to communicate—even if they’re floating in space right next to each other!

What kind of communications system did Apollo 11 use?

Once the spacecraft reached a distance 30,000 miles from Earth, the astronauts completely relied on the Unified S-Band Transponder to stay connected.

How did the Apollo team communicate with the Earth?

I have just been teaching my son about waves behavior and understand that radio waves are reflected back to earth from the ionosphere. As far as I know microwaves were not used for communication purposes back then. How did the Apollo team then manage to send TV/ Radio signals back from space?

What did they need for the Apollo 11 mission?

The equipment had to be designed to withstand the extreme cold, heat and radiation they would experience and for Apollo 11, they also needed to transmit more data than previous NASA missions, including television and video.

How did the astronauts communicate on the Moon?

Cartoon depicting Apollo Astronauts on the Moon using VHF radio to communicate with each other and S-band microwaves for Earth communications. (Image Credit: Electronics World Magazine)