- How did Kurds disappear?
- What happened to the Kurds in 1991?
- What was the Kurdish rebellion’s goal?
- What was the Kurdish revolution?
- What did Iran do to the Kurds in 1970?
- What did the Ottoman Empire do to the Kurds?
- How did the Iraqi military put down the Kurdish rebellion?
- What did the Anfal Campaign do to the Kurds?
How did Kurds disappear?
The Kurdish region of Iran has been a part of the country since ancient times. Nearly all of Kurdistan was part of the Iranian Empire until its western part was lost during the wars against the Ottoman Empire. Instead, the Kurdish area was divided by modern Turkey, Syria and Iraq.
What happened to the Kurds in 1991?
According to the U.S. Department of State and international relief organizations, between 500 and 1,000 Kurds died each day along Iraq’s Turkish border. According to some reports, up to hundreds of refugees died each day along the way to Iran as well.
What was the Kurdish rebellion’s goal?
The Kurds saw this as the prime opportunity to take control of the Kurdish areas, while the Iraqi government was preoccupied and weakened. The goal was to create a new bargaining platform and push Iraqi governmental forces out of Kurdistan.
What was the Kurdish revolution?
During the 1980s Turkey began a program of forced assimilation of its Kurdish population. This culminated in 1984 when the PKK began a rebellion against Turkish rule attacking Turkish military and civilian targets. Since the PKK’s militant operations began in 1984, 37,000 people have been killed.
What did Iran do to the Kurds in 1970?
Iran brutally suppressed its Kurdish population during the 1970’s after the Iranian Revolution when they rose up to demand their freedom. Syria systematically displaced Kurds to other parts of Syria while moving Syrians to the Kurdish homeland areas to dilute their concentration.
What did the Ottoman Empire do to the Kurds?
Kurdish Genocide by the Ottoman Empire. Leading up to and during World War I, the Ottoman Empire conducted a number of genocidal campaigns against the Christian minorities living within Turkey as well as other provinces under its control. The most well-known is the Armenian genocide.
How did the Iraqi military put down the Kurdish rebellion?
The Iraqi military largely put down the Kurdish rebellion. But Kurdish guerrillas joined with Iranian units in carrying out attacks on the Iraqi military.
What did the Anfal Campaign do to the Kurds?
Hundreds of thousands of men, women and children were executed during a systematic attempt to exterminate the Kurdish population in Iraq in the Anfal operations in the late 1980s. They were tied together and shot so they fell into mass graves.