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How cold is the bottom of the Mariana Trench?

How cold is the bottom of the Mariana Trench?

34 to 39 °F
The temperature at the bottom is 1 to 4 °C (34 to 39 °F). In 2009, the Marianas Trench was established as a US National Monument. Monothalamea have been found in the trench by Scripps Institution of Oceanography researchers at a record depth of 10.6 kilometres (6.6 mi) below the sea surface.

Is it cold or hot in the Mariana Trench?

Due to the absence of sunlight, the temperature inside the Mariana Trench is extremely cold, which fills around 34 – 39 degrees Fahrenheit.

Is the Mariana Trench a hot spot?

An international collaboration of scientists recently led a monthlong expedition to study the deepest point on earth in the Marianas Trench, the Challenger Deep. The zone begins at about 6,000 meters and drops down the Challenger Deep, nearly 11,000 meters under the sea. …

Why is the Marianas Trench cold to the bottom?

The Marianas Trench is cold! Because the depth is so deep and light can’t reach the bottom, water is significantly colder especially down at the bottom. This temperature could be the reason why there are so few animals seen in there, however, those that are seen thrive in colder temperatures. 3 Life At The Bottom Is Rare But Exists

How tall is the thermocline in the Mariana Trench?

Below the surface waters, the temperature drops rapidly, forming a layer called the thermocline. The thermocline varies in thickness from about 1,000 feet to 3,000 feet.

Which is the deepest trench in the world?

Written By: Mariana Trench, also called Marianas Trench, deep-sea trench in the floor of the western North Pacific Ocean, the deepest such trench known on Earth, located mostly east as well as south of the Mariana Islands.

How is the Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench formed?

The Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench is very cold, and highly pressurized; its floor features hydrothermal (hot water ) vents formed by spreading tectonic plates which release hydrogen sulfide and other minerals which are consumed by the barophilic bacteria which are then consumed by other microorganisms, which are in turn,…